Upper Sorbian Grammar

Under construction

Relative pronouns

The relative pronouns are semantically and formally related to the interrogative pronouns, the difference being in their function: the relative pronouns are used to link two clauses into one compound sentence and not to form questions.


Formation

Basic relative pronouns are made by adding the suffix at the end of a corresponding interrogative pronoun, whatever declensional form it may have, ex.:

Another set of relative pronouns with a generalised meaning (roughly corresponding to the English pronouns whatever, whoever etc.) is formed by adding the -kuli suffix to the basic relative pronoun form, ex.:

interrogativebasic
relative
generalised
relative
štóštóžštóžkuli
kohokohožkohožkuli
komukomužkomužkuli
kajkikajkižkajkižkuli
kajkakajkažkajkažkuli
kajkekajkežkajkežkuli

Usage

See the below sentences and compare the usage of the corresponding interrogative and relative pronouns.


Kohosypřeprosył?
who
Acc.
 
be
2.sing.pres.
 
invite
past.part.
masc.sing.
direct objectcompound verb
Who have you invited?


Přeprosyłsym,kohožsymchcył.
invite
past.part.
masc.sing.
be
1.sing.pres.
 
who-relative
Acc.
 
be
1.sing.pres.
 
want
past.part.
sing.masc.
compound verbdirect objectcompound verb
I’ve invited whom I wanted [to invite].


Přepros,kohožkulichceš.
invite
2.sing.imper.
who-gener.relat.
Acc.
want
2.sing.pres.
verbsubjectverb
Invite whoever you want.


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