Upper Sorbian Grammar

Prepositions

Prepositions are a class of indeclinable words. Their meaning shows the following table:

PrepositionThe case the
accompanied
noun has to
take
Translation
bjezGwithout
dlaGfor, to
doGto, until
kDtowards
mjezAbetween (direction)
mjezIbetween (place)
naAonto
naLon
nadAover (direction)
nadIover (place)
napřećo, napřećiwoGopposite, vis-a-vis
napřećo, napřećiwoDagainst
nimoG[to go] past
poAfor (aim)
poLafter; on, in (when the sentence's predicate is a verb of motion)
podAunder (direction)
podIbelow, under (place)
pódlaGby
pódłuGalong
polaGat (only with personal nouns)
prjedyGbefore
přeAbecause of, owing to
přećoDagainst
předAbefore (direction)
předIbefore (time or place), in front of (place)
přezAthrough, across; all + a temporal noun (for ex. all night)
přiLat, by
spodGfrom under
spodyGunder
srjedźGin the middle of
dosrjedźGinto the middle of
zesrjedźGout of the middle of
wAinto
wLin
woLabout
wotGfrom
zGout from
zIwith
zaAbehind (direction)
zaIbehind (place)
zadyGbehind (place)
dozadyGbehind (direction)
zezadyGfrom behind
zbokaGfrom aside
znutřkaGout from the inside of
zwonkaGfrom beyond the inside of


Forms with additional -e

Some prepositions ending with a consonant (k, nad, pod, před, w, wot, z), when preceding a noun or any other word beginning with the same consonant (or its voice - voiceless counterpart), get an additional -e at the end, for example:

ke konju, nade/pode/přede domem, we wsy, wote trawy, ze znamjenjom



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