Upper Sorbian Grammar

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Interrogative pronouns

Upper Sorbian has the following declinable interrogative pronouns:

štó who, što what, kajki what kind of, kotry which, čeji whose.

The pronouns štó and što are only used in singular. Štó is inherently masculine and što is inherently neuter. All the words that in a sentence reffer to these pronouns and are inflected for number and/or gender must take the singular masculine and singular neuter form respectively, even if the noun in question is of another number and gender.

Štójepřišoł?
who
Nom.
 
be
3.sing.pres.
 
come
past.part.
sing.masc.
subjectcompound verb
Who has come?

Štojesostało?
what
Nom.
 
be
3.sing.pres.
 
 
refl.
 
happen
past.part.
sing.neut.
subjectcompound verb
What has happened?

The pronouns kajki, kotry and čeji decline for case, number and gender.

Declension

štó who and što what
Nštóšto
Gkohočeho
Dkomučemu
Akohošto, čo
I(z) kim(z) čim
L(w) kim(w) čim

The accusative of što is čo when it stands after a preposition and što in all other cases.

kajki what kind of
singulardualplural
masc.fem.neut.vir.nonvir.vir.nonvir.
Nkajkikajkakajkekajkajkajkejkajcykajke
Gkajkehokajkejekajkehokajkejukajkich
Dkajkemukajkejkajkemukajkimajkajkim
Akajkehokajkikajkukajkekajkejukajkejkajkichkajke
I(z) kajkim(z) kajkej(z) kajkim(z) kajkimaj(z) kajkimi
L(w) kajkim(w) kajkej(w) kajkim(w) kajkimaj(w) kajkich

kotry which
singulardualplural
masc.fem.neut.vir.nonvir.vir.nonvir.
Nkotrykotrakotrekotrajkotrejkotřikotre
Gkotrehokotrejekotrehokotrejukotrych
Dkotremukotrejkotremukotrymajkotrym
Akotrykotrehokotrukotrekotrejukotrejkotrychkotre
I(z) kotrym(z) kotrej(z) kotrym(z) kotrymaj(z) kotrymi
L(w) kotrym(w) kotrej(w) kotrym(w) kotrymaj(w) kotrych

čeji whose
singulardualplural
masc.fem.neut.vir.nonvir.vir.nonvir.
Nčejičejačeječejejčejičeje
Gčejehočejeječejehočejejučejich
Dčejemučejejčejemučejimajčejim
Ačejičejehočejučeječejejučejejčejichčeje
I(z) čejim(z) čejej(z) čejim(z) čejimaj(z) čejimi
L(w) čejim(w) čejej(w) čejim(w) čejimaj(w) čejich
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